After completing this module, you should be able to ...

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Preparation for Class



  • Download one of the files below to your computer, load it into RStudio, and show the str()ucture and head() of the data.frame object. Compile your document and upload it to the “Course Organization” folder in the “Exercises” unit of the “Coursework” page on
    • Loon1.csv … biological data for Common Loons (Gavia immer) from around North America.
    • WalleyeErie2.csv … biological data for Walleye (Sander vitreus) from Lake Erie.
    • NCAAF19_QBS.csv … statistics for college football quarterbacks from the 2019-20 season.
    • StateOfWolf.csv … attitude data towards Gray Wolves (Canis lupus) in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.